Комрат

Image Комрат (Comrat) – столица Гагаузской автономии на реке Ялпуг

Геогр. координаты: 46°18′1″ с. ш.  28°39′26″ в. д.

Население: 23,5 тыс. чел. (2005)

Часовой пояс:  UTC+2

Телефонный код:  +373 298 (международный)

0 298 (по Молдавии)

 


Почтовый индекс:  MD-3805
 

История и Этимология

          

  В годы османского владычества, приблизительно в конце XVIII века, на реке Ялпуг появилось село Комрат. Название Комрат связывается с легендой о татарском бее и его гнедой лошади Кёмюр ат, что означает «черная лошадь».

 

По легенде однажды на скачках, которые устраивались в этих местах во время больших торгов лошадьми, победила черная лошадь местного турецкого богача, который в честь этой победы назвал село Кёмур ат. Позднее название трансформировалось в Комрат. Впоследствии слово трансформировалось в Комрат. Это одна из версий. Ее придерживался гагаузский просветитель Михаил Чакир. Другие историки утверждают, что слово Комрат несет в себе следы кочевого прошлого проживавших здесь народов, в том числе и гагаузов.

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Востание крестьян. 1906 г.
В 1906 году крестьяне села Комрат Бендерского уезда начали борьбу за раздел помещичьих земель, арестовали чиновников местной власти и провозгласили Комратскую республику, которая просуществовала всего 5 дней. Это восстание было жестоко подавлено царскими войсками.

В народно памяти сохранилась информация о том, что в г. Комрат до 1856 – 1857 гг. еще проживало немногочисленное турецкое мусульманское население, а, может быть, частично и ногайское, так как переселение последнего нельзя понимать буквально. Это население, противопоставляемое в народной памяти гагаузскому. В частности по языковым и религиозным особенностям, проживало в восточной части города, в местности, именуемой Кыпчак (всего 1,5 км. восточнее современной окраины города).

Вплоть до конца 40-х годов 20 столетия жители г. Комрат использовали надгробные плиты с кладбища бывшего селения Кыпчак на жернова ручных мельниц (рышниц). Здесь были видны и развалины каких-то культовых сооружений. Несмотря на разрушение заброшенного, возможно, мусульманского кладбища. Христианами – гагаузами, здесь еще в конце 19 – начале 20 в. Во время засух совершались религиозные обряды с целью вызывания дождя.

Комрат был основан в 1789 году, но статус города получил только в 1957 году. Герб был создан в 1932 году, он представляет собой серебряный щит, увенчанный серебряной короной с 3 башнями. В центре щита изображена фигура красного коня. Image

 

Во времена МССР в городе функционировали заводы: маслодельный, винодельческий, железобетонных изделий; работало производство безворсовых ковров с молдавским национальным орнаментом. В 1970 году население составляло 22 тыс. жителей, а в 1989 — 26 тыс. чел.

В 1991 году в Комрате открылся университет. Первым ректором был Дионис Танасоглу (1991—1993). Вначале было введено преподавание 16 дисциплин на гагаузском языке, 12 — на болгарском, а также предметов на молдавском и русском языках.

 

Жилые кварталы города разместились на трех больших холмах, обращенных своими пологими склонами к утреннему солнцу.

Комрат - административный и культурный центр Гагаузии.

 

Достопримечательности 

 

 

Православный Собор Святого Иоанна, построенный в 1820 году

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Краеведческий музей

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Комратский Государственный Университет - 1991г.

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Аллея славы гагаузкого народа, открытая в июне 2006 года

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Турецкая библиотека

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Автор: мария , June 19, 2008
мало истории.
Р? хотелось Р±Р° узнать РїРѕ больС?Рµ Рѕ достопримечательностях как РѕРЅРё создавались кем РїРѕ чьей инициативе ведь это история?

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Автор: dddd , June 20, 2008
Kto nibudi obiasnit po4emu site na russkom si toliko na russkom?? S kakih eto por gagauzy stali russkimi??? Kak govoritsea u KGB ruki dlinnye...gaguzov ispolizuiut v svoih geopoliti4eskih kgb-istskih tzeleah, a oni zaglatyvaiut primanku kak detki.
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АЛЛАХУ АКБАР
Автор: Мурат Темирболат-улы , August 13, 2008
Мы, кыпчаки, еще вернемся на свои земли. Великое казахско-ногайское ханство будет возрождено. Кыпчактар, алга! Туган джеримизден айырылып калмайык!
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Автор: Deemon , September 22, 2008
Будем надеятся что вскоре Гагауз Ери станет единым независимым государством, наразорванным на кусочки. Украина с Приднестровьем и Гагаузией!
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Полный бред!, Lowly rated comment [Посмотреть]
друзя из Вулканещи
Автор: Ангелов , November 15, 2014
Меня завут Ангел Ангелов из г. Варна , я гагауз, исчу друзя ез гВулканещи.
Мне лет 70. Если кто то понят то пишите и на связе

Email Этот e-mail защищен от спам-ботов. Для его просмотра в вашем браузере должна быть включена поддержка Java-script ,,, skype --chirakman45 tel 0878665195
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Надо жить дружно
Автор: Максим Кара , April 07, 2015
Приветствую Всех, родившихся на землях Буджакских! Не знаю как кому ,а мне Комрат нравиться, какие бы геополитические перетряски не происходили. Одолевала печаль за плодародные просторы Бассарабии. За ребят-молдован,как они в Румынию лезут,а их ещё и не принемают на элементарно рабских условиях. Я к чему,- Комур ат,он другой, свободный,- один певец Манджул чего стоит. С уважением, житель в сердце г.Комрат
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